The town of Nhulunbuy is the main population centre in the East Arnhem Land region and was established in 1971 when the bauxite mine and alumina refinery were originally constructed.

Nhulunbuy and its surrounding areas are Indigenous-owned private lands, with the township, mine, refinery and other areas covered by special leases.

While Nhulunbuy is the name of the town, and Gove is the name of the peninsula where the town is located, the two names are used interchangeably.

With a population of around 3,400, Nhulunbuy has all the facilities expected in a modern town, including three schools, a district hospital, two shopping centres, two childcare centres, restaurants and sporting facilities. It also hosts a Surf Lifesaving Club, Yacht Club and Golf Club with a nine-hole course.

What's in this section

Community Directory

Our Community Directory is a large list of Community Services, Businesses and Government Offices located in Nhulunbuy and around the Gove Peninsula area. Find out more

Home Trading & Mobile Trading Permits

Home trading is popular in Nhulunbuy and allows residents to operate small businesses from their homes.  The Home Trading Policy establishes a framework for managing home occupations in Nhulunbuy.  It has been developed to ensure that home occupations are established and operated in a manner that does not detract from the residential amenity of the locality. This Policy applies to all home occupation activities within the Nhulunbuy Township (SPL214) and Nhulunbuy Industrial Estate (SPL250) Find out more

In Kind Support

The Nhulunbuy Corporation recognises the importance of community engagement and is committed to encouraging a sense of identity within Nhulunbuy. The Nhulunbuy Corporation provides materials or services within the Nhulunbuy Corporation's core business at reduced/no cost to the applicant (for example, labour, plant, equipment and reduction/waiver of fees for Nhulunbuy Corporation managed facilities}. Find out more


Nhulunbuy Corporation offers a unique and inclusive platform for community news stories and upcoming events. We also utilise various social media platforms to promote, inform and engage with residents. Find out more

Nhulunbuy Youth Council

A Group of Nhulunbuy Youth Consulting with Nhulunbuy Town Board meeting monthly and working collaboratively with various community groups to provide events and facilities for the youth of Nhulunbuy. Find out more

Town Lagoon

The Town Lagoon (Gayngaru) is an ecologically thriving area of East Arnhem Land, located within the boundaries of Nhulunbuy itself. Find out more